G. & S. Merz in München, medium microscope No. 4, 1877

G. & S. Merz in München, medium microscope No. 4, 1877

Stock Number: FG_21039


This is the middle-sized microscope made by G. & S. Merz, formerly Utzschneider & Fraunhofer, in Munich. It is a historically important and rare microscope, rarely seen in such a complete set.



Country of manufacture


Categories: Scientific, Microscopy, Mineralogy & Gemmology, Natural history


The microscope seen here is made of the japanned iron base together with black and brown stained brass. A plan and concave mirror are used for illumination and a pinhole revolving disc is mounted under the stage for aperture control. The coarse adjustment is made by a sliding sleeve, the fine focus is operated by means of a knurled knob at the rear under the triangular prismatic limb. On the tube is the decorative signature:

G. & S. Merz
in München


The microscope packs into a travel box, to be closed by brass clasps and eyelets. The original leather belt with buckle, which comes with it as a carrying strap is also preserved in our instrument. This setting turns it into a portable microscope, which can be used in expeditions and by doctors working in remote regions. The instrument is equipped with lenses 1/3 ” and 1/12″ as well as three eyepieces for various magnifications up to 480-times. There is also a camera lucida for drawing. 

Please refer to the photos for details. 

For more information about this microscope and its history, please refer to my website at:


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IL Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh was the mythological hero of the cultures of ancient West Asia, who set out on a journey in which he sought youth and eternal life.
Fleaglass Gilgamesh is located in Israel. As an archaeologist researching the material culture of the distant past and using the microscope as a major research tool, for more than two decades I have collected microscopes from the first 300 years of existence of this amazing tool and researched the cultural context of their use. Passion has become an obsession and I cultivate the full and almost unique West Asian collection of historical microscopes. Respectively, I put up for sale surplus or interesting items from the collection. I would be happy to advise any interested collector free of charge. Needless to say, I would love to send photos, information and bibliographic references, and discuss the sale details of the items offered here for sale.

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